Commodity Trading

cropsCommodity markets are markets where raw or primary products are exchanged. These raw commodities are traded on regulated commodities exchanges, in which they are bought and sold in standardized contracts.

Indian markets have recently thrown open a new avenue for retail investors and traders to participate: commodity derivatives. For those who want to diversify their portfolios beyond shares, bonds and real estate, commodities is the best option.

Commodities actually offer immense potential to become a separate asset class for market-savvy investors, arbitrageurs and speculators. Retail investors, who claim to understand the equity markets may find commodities an unfathomable market.

But commodities are easy to understand as far as fundamentals of demand and supply are concerned. Retail investors should understand the risks and advantages of trading in commodities futures before taking a leap. Historically, pricing in commodities futures has been less volatile compared with equity and bonds, thus providing an efficient portfolio diversification option.

In fact, the size of the commodities markets in India is also quite significant. goldOf the country's GDP of Rs 13,20,730 crore (Rs 13,207.3 billion), commodities related (and dependent) industries constitute about 58 per cent. Currently, the various commodities across the country clock an annual turnover of Rs 1,40,000 crore (Rs 1,400 billion). With the introduction of futures trading, the size of the commodities market grow many folds here on.

Commodities are subclassified into Agriculture & Non Agricultural commodities, below is the list which contains the commodities identified by NCDEX for trading.

Agricultural Commodities Non Agricultural Commodities

Plantation Products

  • Rubber


  • Pepper
  • Turmeric
  • Jeera
  • Chilli
  • Coriander


  • Chana
  • Yellow peas


  • Indian 28.5 mm cotton
  • V-797 kapas


  • Wheat
  • Barley
  • Maize (Yellow/Red)
  • Maize - Feed /Industrial Grade

Oil and Oil seeds

  • Castor seeds
  • Cotton seed oilcake
  • Soy bean
  • Refined soy oil
  • Soybean meal (Export)
  • Mustard Seed
  • Kachhi Ghani Mustard Oil
  • Crude Palm Oil
  • RBD Palmolein


  • Guar Seeds
  • Guar Gum
  • Gur
  • Potato
  • Sugar M and S
  • Almond
  • Mentha O


  • Steel
  • Copper
  • Zinc
  • Aluminium
  • Nickel
  • Lead


  • Crude Oil
  • Thermal Coal
  • Brent Crude Oil
  • Natural Gas
  • Gasoline
  • Heating Oil

Precious Metals

  • Gold Gold (100 gms)
  • Gold
  • International Silver
  • Silver (5kg)
  • Silver
  • International Platinum


  • CER

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